Zika virus is a mosquito borne flavivirus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys through a network that monitored yellow fever. It was later identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes.
People with Zika virus disease can have symptoms including mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache.
Symptoms are mostly mild
Eighty percent of people who become infected never have symptoms. The most common symptom of Zika virus in those who do get them are fever and rash; it can also cause muscle and joint pain, headache, pain behind the eyes, and conjunctivitis (itchy, red eyes), according to WHO.
Rare complications can include internal bleeding, which caused the first U.S. Zika related death in Puerto Rico, in April. No effective treatment is available for Zika infection, but over the counter fever or pain medication can be helpful for symptom relief.
Zika virus can be transmitted through mosquito bites and sex
A person beaten by the Aedes mosquito naturally gets the virus and can be passed once beaten by another mosquito which then passes the virus in relation to the number of people that get beaten by the mosquito.
A patient who contacts the disease from a mosquito bite in the region where zika is widely spreading and has intercourse with their partners will definitely spread the virus. It is advised that if your partner travels to such areas then condom should be in use for at least six months. Although, men have more chance of spreading the virus than females according to research.
Unborn children are in greater risk
When a pregnant woman is affected, the child is in danger of a lot of things. “We’re seeing illness when it strikes women who are pregnant, and it’s producing a horrific effect of microcephaly,” according to Hotez.
Some of the dangers the child might face are mental retardation, as well as delays in speech, movement, growth, and other sever brain abnormalities.
Is there a vaccine?
So, we are aware of the virus but what about the cure is the question running in the minds of many. Presently, there is none which obviously isn’t the best news to get thrown at to your face, but the silver lining is that the FDA has given approval to Inovio Pharmaceuticals to go ahead with tests of an experimental Zika vaccine in people.
Meanwhile, treat the symptoms, have a lot of rest and drink a lot of fluids and most importantly, see your doctor if you feel you have the virus.
Like they generally say, prevention is better than cure…Controlling the insects and avoiding breeding will do a lot of good to you and the people around you.
The use of chemical pesticides will also help and the use of mosquito nest will help to prevent the zika virus.